The vegetation distribution of the park is largely dominated by Acacia Woodland and Euphorbia trees. This vegetation harbors a number of animals which include the Zebras, antelopes, leopards Elands, Topis, Buffaloes, lions and Elephants. The park is also a home to a variety of birds at the northern limit of their distribution. This is the best, and in some cases the only, place in Uganda to see these typically southern savanna species. Of particular interest is the Red-faced Barbet, a scarce bird whose range is restricted to a small area in Southern Uganda, Eastern Rwanda and extreme north-western Tanzania.
Lake Mburo is the largest of five lakes which together with the surrounding wetlands, account for 20% of the park’s surface. This is the best place in Uganda to see the African Finfoot and most of the Papyrus Endemics like the Brown-chested Lapwing, Papyrus Yellow Warbler, Papyrus Gonolek….
Other species of importance include; Crested Francolin, Chin-spot Batis, Southern Ground Hornbill, Spot-flanked Barbet, Black-bellied Bustard, Blue-headed Coucal, Black Cuckoo-shrike, Northern brown-throated Weaver, Coqui Francolin, Red-necked Spurfowl, Rufous-naped and Flappet Larks, Southern Red Bishop.
The threatened Shoebill may also be observed when you take a boat ride